Social Psychology Network

Maintained by Scott Plous, Wesleyan University

Bertram H. Raven

Bertram H. Raven


February 26, 2020, Professor Bertram Raven died peacefully at home surrounded by his family. Social Psychology Network is maintaining this profile for visitors who wish to learn more about Professor Raven's work.

Please see below for more information:

Bertram H. Raven received his BA and MA (1948, 1949) in psychology from Ohio State University and his PhD (1953) in social psychology from the University of Michigan. He has been a member of the faculty of the Psychology Department at UCLA since 1956, where he is currently a Professor Emeritus, recalled and still active in research and instruction. At UCLA, he was also director of the Survey Research Center, director of a training program in health psychology, and chair of the Department of Psychology. He has served as a visiting professor and lecturer at the University of Nijmegen, Netherlands; Hebrew University in Jerusalem; London School of Economics; University of Washington; and University of Hawaii; as well as external examiner for the University of the West Indies.

Bertram Raven's current interests have centered particularly on interpersonal influence and social power relationships. These interests go back to his early work in collaboration with John R. P. French, with whom he developed an analysis of the bases of social power. That early work has since been expanded to a broader reaching Power/Interaction Model of Interpersonal Influence. The model and theory has been applied to organizational power relationships, health psychology (e.g., compliance in health care), close relationships, educational settings. Historical and political analyses have applied the model to power confrontations between political figures and religion as a mechanism of social control. A Power/Interaction Inventory has been developed which will allow for cross-cultural comparisons. Such research is facilitated with an internet system which involves collaborating researchers in 14 different nations.

Primary Interests:

  • Close Relationships
  • Culture and Ethnicity
  • Group Processes
  • Health Psychology
  • Interpersonal Processes
  • Organizational Behavior
  • Persuasion, Social Influence

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Journal Articles:

  • Erchul, W. P., Raven, B. H., & Ray, A. G. (2001). School psychologists' perceptions of sociaal power bases in teacher consultation. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 12, 1-23.
  • Erchul, W.P., Raven, B.H., & Ray, A. G. (2001). School psychologists' perceptions of social power bases in school consultation. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 12, 1-23.
  • Gold, G. J., & Raven, B. H. (1992). Interpersonal influence strategies in the Churchill-Roosevelt bases-for-destroyers exchange. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 7, 245-272.
  • Raven, B. H. (1999). Influence, power, religion, and the mechanisms of social control. Journal of Social Issues, 55(1), 161-186.
  • Raven, B. H. (1998). Groupthink, Bay of Pigs, and Watergate reconsidered. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 73, 352-361.
  • Raven, B. H. (1993). The bases of power: Origins and recent developments. Journal of Social Issues, 49(4), 227-251.
  • Raven, B. H. (1992). A power-interaction model of interpersonal influence: French and Raven thirty years later. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 7, 217-244.
  • Raven, B. H. (1990). Political applications of the psychology of interpersonal influence and social power. Political Psychology, 11, 493-520.
  • Raven, B. H., Schwarzwald, J., & Koslowsky, M. (1998). Conceptualizing and measuring a Power/Interaction Model of interpersonal influence. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28, 307-332.

Other Publications:

  • Pierro, A., De Grada, E., Raven, B. H., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2004). Fonti, antecedenti e conseguenti del potere in contesti organizzativi: l'Interpersonal Power/Interaction Model. In A. Pierro (Ed.), Potere e Leadership (pp. 33-58). Roma: Carocci.
  • Raven, B. H. (2004). Six bases of power. In G. R. Goethals, G. J. Sorenson, & J. M. Burns (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Leadership (pp. 1241-1248). London: Sage.
  • Raven, B. H. (2001). Power/interaction and interpersonal influence: Experimental investigations and case studies. In A. Lee-Chai & J. A. Bargh (Eds.), The Use and Abuse of Power (pp. 217-240). Philadelphia: Taylor & Francis.
  • Raven, B. H. (1999). Reflections on interpersonal influences and social power in experimental social psychology. In A. Rodrigues & R. V. Levine (Eds.), Reflection on 100 years of social psychology. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  • Raven, B. H. (1988). Social power and compliance in health care. In S. Maes, C. D. Spielberger, P. B. Defares, & I. G. Sarason (Eds.), Topics in health care. London/New York: Wiley.

Courses Taught:

  • Interpersonal Influence and Social Power
  • Social Psychology

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